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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 157-162

Development and validation of the short-form Ryff's psychological well-being scale for clinical nurses in Taiwan


1 Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan
2 School of Nursing, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hui-Hsun Chiang
No. 161, Sec. 6, Minquan E RD, Neihu Dist. Taipei City, 11490
Taiwan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmedsci.jmedsci_191_18

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Background: Research into clinical nurses' psychological well-being (PWB) is limited and fragmented. A reliable and valid measure is needed to advance the field of nurses' mental health. Objective: To examine the psychometric validity of Short-Form PWB Scale (PWBSs) among clinical nurses. Methods: This study adopted a cross-sectional design. Randomized cluster sampling was used to recruit clinical nurses from a medical center in Taipei, Taiwan, from July to October 2015. Nurses were recruited if they worked for more than 3 months in the medical center. The 84-item PWBS was used to assess PWB. Based on exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis in this study, an 18-item version of Ryff's PWBS was developed using 474 respondents. The Short-Form PWBS was tested for internal consistency, construct validity, and criterion-related validity. Results: Cronbach's alpha was 0.88, with aggregated subscale alphas of 0.72–0.88, except 0.57 for autonomy. Good construct validity and criterion-related validity of the Short-Form PWBS were found. Conclusions: The study results showed that the Short-Form PWBS is suitable and recommended for Taiwanese clinical nurses.


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