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ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Grail suppresses stress-induced apoptosis and colony formation in oral cancer cells


1 Department of Physiology and Biophysics, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan
2 Department of Physiology and Biophysics; Institute of Preventive Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Ying-Chuan Chen,
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, National Defense Medical Center, 161, Sec. 6, MinChuan E. Rd. Room 6105, Taipei
Taiwan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmedsci.jmedsci_53_18

Aims: The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of Grail in stress-induced apoptosis and tumorigenesis in oral cancer cells. Subjects and Methods: We analyzed gene expression of Grail in oral cancer cell lines (KB, SAS, SCC-4, and SCC-25) treated with 5-azadC or/and trichostatin A (TSA) by RT-PCR. The effects of Grail on the expression of p53 and p21 were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot for KB cells (KB/vector, KB/Grail and KB/shGrail). The anti-apoptotic effects of Grail were determined by fluorescence-activated cell sorting in KB/vector and KB/Grail cells. The effects of Grail on tumorigenesis were through clonogenic analysis in KB cells (KB/vector, KB/Grail and KB/shGrail). Results: Treatment with 5-azadC or/and TSA-induced Grail mRNA expression in oral cancer cells. Grail overexpression reduced p53 and p21 expression. Conversely, p53 and p21 expressions were increased in KB/shGrail cells. Furthermore, Grail can inhibit resveratrol-or etoposide-induced apoptosis in KB cells. Finally, Grail can significantly suppress colony formation in KB cells. Conclusions: The expression of Grail is epigenetically regulated in oral cancer cells. Grail can reduce p53 and p21 expression and stress-induced cell death and suppress the colony formation in KB cells.


 

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