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Stress, Coping, and Immunologic Relevance: An Empirical Literature Review


1 Department of Psychiatry, M.K.C.G. Medical College, Brahmapur, Odisha, India
2 Department of Microbiology, M.K.C.G. Medical College, Brahmapur, Odisha, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sujita Kumar Kar,
Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmedsci.jmedsci_138_18

Stress is an inevitable phenomenon in life. Stress plays a pivotal role in regulating the body's physiology. Stress also improves the survival skills of an individual. However, when stress becomes unmanageable, it starts affecting the individual adversely. The adverse effects of the stress alter the normal physiology and the mental well-being of the individual. People attempt to cope with their stressor using various coping strategies. Adapting coping strategies may help in successful handling of stress. Maladaptive coping strategies, on the other hand, though control stress, are often transient and may result in the impairment of mental health. Evidences suggest that stress significantly affects the immune system of the body. The effect of stress on the immune system may depend on the nature and severity of the stressor. Ineffective regulation of stress results in immune dysregulation. Effective coping strategies for handling stress might be useful to correct the immune dysregulation.


 

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