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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 4: Neuroradiological imaging of case 10 (a) before scalp incision, intraoperative three-dimensional-rotational angiography disclosing one arteriovenous malformation nidus (white arrowhead) and its feeding artery and drainage vein which aided us in localization, precise and smaller craniotomy design. (b) Three-dimensional roadmap showing the residual nidus. One aneurysm clip (white arrowhead) was placed to realize the orientation of the residual nidus. (c) Three-dimensional-rotational angiography revealing the completion of arteriovenous malformation resection (white arrowhead)

Figure 4: Neuroradiological imaging of case 10 (a) before scalp incision, intraoperative three-dimensional-rotational angiography disclosing one arteriovenous malformation nidus (white arrowhead) and its feeding artery and drainage vein which aided us in localization, precise and smaller craniotomy design. (b) Three-dimensional roadmap showing the residual nidus. One aneurysm clip (white arrowhead) was placed to realize the orientation of the residual nidus. (c) Three-dimensional-rotational angiography revealing the completion of arteriovenous malformation resection (white arrowhead)