|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2023 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 195
Oral to nasal endotracheal tube exchange in patients difficult to undergo laryngoscopy
Chia-Dan Cheng1, Chen-Hwan Cherng2
1 Department of Dentistry, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan
2 Anesthesiology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan
|Date of Submission||15-Feb-2022|
|Date of Acceptance||22-Mar-2022|
|Date of Web Publication||08-Apr-2022|
Anesthesiology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Cheng CD, Cherng CH. Oral to nasal endotracheal tube exchange in patients difficult to undergo laryngoscopy. J Med Sci 2023;43:195
Nasotracheal intubation is indicated in patients receiving oromaxillary surgery. When an already oral intubated patient with unstable cervical spine fracture will undergo oromaxillary surgery, the oral intubation should be switched to nasal intubation. Under such situation, laryngoscopy is not suitable for reintubation because of the unstable cervical spine. Here, we introduce a safe maneuver for the endotracheal tube (ETT) exchange using a double-swivel connector and an 11 Fr exchange catheter (Cook® Airway Exchange Catheter [CAEC]) as a guide to ensure the airway security [Figure 1]. Under standard monitoring and appropriate analgesia and sedation, the patient maintains spontaneous breathing, 2 ml 2% lidocaine is injected into the oral ETT for tracheal topical anesthesia, and then, the CAEC is inserted into the oral ETT via the double-swivel connector which can maintain oxygenation during tubes exchange. The CAEC's tip is positioned at 5 cm beyond the distal end of the oral ETT. A fiberscope with a loaded lubricated ETT (6.5 mm ID) is inserted via left naris into the oropharynx. When the oral ETT is visualized from the fiberscope, the oral ETT is pulled out of glottis, but the CAEC is remained in place. Then, the fiberscope will be easily introduced into trachea guided by the in situ CAEC. The nasal ETT is then railroaded into trachea with the fiberscope. The diameter of CAEC is small (4 mm). It is allowed for the simultaneous placement of the CAEC and the ETT in the trachea. After confirming the correct position of the nasal ETT by the fiberscope and end-tidal CO2, the oral ETT and CAEC can be removed.
|Figure 1: View of the oral to nasal tube exchange, as with a Cook® Airway Exchange Catheter in the oral endotracheal tube through a double-swivel connector, and a fiberscope in the nasal endotracheal tube|
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Handling difficult airway is a crucial task for an anesthesiologist. Converting oral to nasal intubation in a patient with unstable cervical spine poses a big challenge. Several methods have been reported to perform the tube exchange from oral to nasal.,, The technique of using CAEC and double-swivel connector we describe here have several advantages, such as (1) CAEC can ensure the airway security in case of fiberscope-aided intubation failure, (2) CAEC can guide the fiberscope to find the glottis, and (3) during the process of tubes exchange, not only the double-swivel connector but also the CAEC can easily maintain patient's oxygenation. The CAEC can act as a tool for oxygen insufflation or jet ventilation.
Data availability statement
Data sharing is not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analyzed during the current study.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
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