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ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Impaired pulmonary function in patients with chronic neck pain


1 Department of Respiratory Therapy, College of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia; Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Damietta, Egypt
2 Department of Respiratory Therapy, College of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia; Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine for Girls, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
3 Department of Respiratory Therapy, College of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia; Department of Cardiovascular Respiratory Disorder and Geriatrics, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
4 Department of Physical Therapy, College of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia; Centre for Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, England, UK
5 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Physical Therapy, College of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia; Physical Therapy Department for Musculoskeletal Disorders and its Surgery, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Eman Sobh,
Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine for Girls, Al-Azhar University, Al-Zahraa University Hospital, Abbassia, Cairo 11517

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmedsci.jmedsci_31_20

Background: Neck pain is a common problem in the medical practice, and the limited movement of the neck muscles can result in impaired chest movement. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between neck pain and pulmonary function using spirometry. Methods: We included 75 patients with chronic neck pain and 75 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. We performed spirometry and recorded forced-vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in the first second of FVC (FEV1), forced expiratory flow at 25%–75% (FEF 25–75), and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR). We also measured the neck active range of motion in all positions (flexion, extension, lateral flexion, and rotation) and administered the Neck Disability Index (NDI) and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain. Results: Neck movements were significantly limited in all directions in patients with chronic neck pain. Pulmonary function (FVC, FEV1, FEF25–75, and PEFR) was significantly lower, and FEV1/ FVC was significantly higher in the neck pain group compared with the control group. In the neck pain group, restrictive pattern in spirometry was found in 39 participants (52%). The pulmonary function parameters (FVC, FEV1, FEF25–75, and PEFR) had a significant positive linear relationship with neck movement and a significant negative linear relationship with VAS and NDI scores. Conclusions: Patients with chronic neck pain had limited pulmonary function, which was related to a limited range of cervical movement.


 

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